Roberto Rossellini was born in Rome on the 8th March 1906, son of Angelo Giuseppe Rossellini, owner of a construction company (who built the Cinema Corso in Rome) and Elettra Bellan. ROME, OPEN CITY, released in the autumn of 1945, made Rossellini famous around the world and marked the birth of Neorealism in cinema. In 1946 it won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Rossellini continued his new artistic direction with PAISAN, a film which once again dealt with the liberation of Italy after the fall of Fascism. Together with GERMANY YEAR ZERO (1948), they constituted the so-called “neorealist trilogy.”
With actress Anna Magnani he worked on a cinematic experiment titled Amore, which was released in 1946 and composed by two episodes, THE HUMAN VOICE (La voce umana) and THE MIRACLE (Il miracolo). Over the same period Rossellini began a professional collaboration as well as a romantic relationship with Ingrid Bergman, who was cast in STROMBOLI. They worked at various films together: THE GREATEST LOVE, JOURNEY TO ITALY, AND JOAN OF ARC AT THE STAKE.
Before completely devoting himself to television, Rossellini directed a few other important films such as GENERAL DELLA ROVERE (Il Generale Della Rovere), ESCAPE BY NIGHT (Era notte a Roma) and VIVA L'ITALIA! (Viva l’Italia).
He died in Rome on 3rd June, 1977.